Wesley de Oliveira Barbosa, Renato Dourado Maia, Jose Higino Dias Filho


In this paper, the evolutionary algorithms approach is applied to the parameterization of a mathematical model describing the Mössbauer spectra of nanogranular (or nanoparticle) magnetic systems. These systems exhibit physical properties very different from bulk specimens being of great interest for material science and its use as biosensors, magneto sensors, data storage, and magnetic fluids. The purpose of this work is to compare the performance between the Differential Evolution and the Evolutionary Strategies algorithms to optimize the model parameters which best fit the experimental Mössbauer spectra of nanoscale magnetic particles. Spectra of two samples (α‐iron foil and NiFe2O4 nanoparticles) were recorded, at room temperature, by a conventional Mössbauer spectrometer using a scintillation detector in transmission geometry with a 57Co/Rh source. Fits to Mössbauer spectra were done using spin hamiltonians to describe both the electronic and nuclear interactions; a model of superparamagnetic relaxation of two levels (spin ½) and stochastic theory; a lognormal particle size distribution function as well as a dependency of the magnetic transition temperature and the anisotropy constant on particle diameter. The evolutionary algorithms have been implemented using Python programming language. For comparison, the two algorithms obey the termination criterion of 6,000 evaluations of the objective function. The results presented show the efficiency of these algorithms in the optimization of the parameters and on the fits of the spectra.


Magnetic nanoparticles; Mössbauer spectra; Differential Evolution; Evolutionary Strategies

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Direitos autorais 2020 Jose Higino Dias Filho, Wesley de Oliveira Barbosa, Renato Dourado Maia

Revista Mundi Engenharia, Tecnologia e Gestão ISSN 2525-4782

Qualis: B4 - Interdisciplinar, B5 - Geografia, B5 - Administração Pública e de Empresas, Ciências Contábeis e Turismo, B5 - Comunicação e Informação, B5 - Engenharias III